الزامات معمارانه پدافندغیرعامل در طراحی ایستگاه های مترو با استفاده از تکنیک دلفی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم

2 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

3 دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بدست آوردن الزامات پدافندغیرعامل در طراحی ایستگاه مترو می­باشد. روش تحقیق در این پژوهش توصیفی- تحلیلی است و تکنیک مورد استفاده در آن دلفی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل کلیه متخصصان حوزه پدافند و معماری است که از آنها 12 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب گردیدند. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن است که در میان الزامات معمارانه پیشنهادی پدافند غیرعامل دومنظوره نمودن ایستگاه مترو به جهت استفاده پناهگاهی در زمان بحران با مقدار میانگین4.91 اولین امتیاز را از آن خود نموده است. استفاده از خم ­های مناسب با رعایت اصول مهندسی (خم­های90 درجه) با مقدار اهمیت دوم، و وجود شبکه ارتباطی و مخابراتی مستقل و اضطراری برای ارتباط با محیط بیرون با مقدار میانگین­ 4.11 به عنوان اولویت­‌های آخر این الزامات محسوب می­گردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Requirements of Passive Defense in Design of Subway Stations by Using of Delphi Technique

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen kameli 1
  • seyed bagher Hosseini 3
1 qom iau
3 S
چکیده [English]

Summary
The purpose of this research is to obtain the requirements of non-operational defenses in the design of metro station. This paper presents some criteria to reduce damages resulting from the enemy threats by using passive defense.
 
Introduction
Subways as one of the critical and practical infrastructures with dual functions can be considered as a settlement for people during crisis and threat. The principles of safety and protection against natural and unnatural threats should be carefully regarded in the design of subways. Thus, to provide safety and protection against threats, the passive defense requirements in subways should be considered.
 
Methodology and Approaches
The research methodology is of descriptive-analytical type and the technique used in this research is Delphi. The statistical population of the research is all the experts in the field of passive defense and architecture, and 12 individuals, for instance, have been selected from these experts. The average of the views of the members of the Working Group 4 indicates a high agreement among them.
 
Results and Conclusions
The results of this research show that among the proposed architectural requirements of passive defense, the subway station is used as a refuge in the time of crisis with an average of 4.91 and has the highest score. The use of suitable bends with respect to engineering principles (90 degrees bends) with score or importance of 4.84 is the second requirement among the passive defense requirements. The maximum accessible radius to the station entrance is 500 meters. The third priority is the architectural requirements of the defense, and the provision of space and space to meet the essential needs and services of the people is the fourth priority. The necessity of self-sufficiency of ventilation systems, the existence of multiple ventilation ducts to deal with airborne bombs, emergency exits with the depth greater than the depth of the asylum seekers' location, adequate width and safety of tunnels for passage of persons, are the next priorities of these requirements. Finally, the necessary electrical systems and lighting of tunnels, the use of security and security systems, and the existence of an independent and emergency communication network for communication with the environment with score averages of 4.28, 4.18 and 4.11, respectively, are the last priorities of these requirements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Subway
  • Passive Defense
  • Architecture
  • Delphi technique
  • Threat
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