عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering private and public rights in regard to underground developments is an important matter. Inattentiveness to such rights might lead to injustice and dissatisfaction of landowners towards such developments, and as a result, limited success in the construction and use of underground spaces.
Considering extensive underground developments in today’s world, we need to pay attention to private and public rights in regard to these developments. Otherwise, it might lead to injustice and dissatisfaction of landowners towards such developments and thus, satisfactory success may not be achieved in the construction and use of the underground spaces. Ownership of subsurface spaces varies in different countries.
Methodology and Approaches
This paper aims to indicate the importance and necessity of ownership and legal considerations in different countries using a comparative approach based on different case studies and researches carried out in various locations of the globe.
Results and Conclusions
Following an analytical review on the necessity of the use and expansion of underground spaces, relevant laws in different countries are compared and discussed. It is shown that legal obligations and challenges of ownership in the development and expansion of underground spaces, especially in urban areas, play an important role in urban management and different decision-making processes, and therefore require legislations in order to overcome some of the current challenges and problems in urban development.